In the world of performance, and not just power sports, the most popular supplements are the so-called 'pre-workout'. This phenomenon is obviously also affecting the world of fitness, who seek to support the maximisation of their performance with all its complexity, trying to achieve more power, more resistance to fatigue, more strength, more reactivity, thanks to supplements that combined in a targeted and synergistic way, are a real extra help.
PreWOD is a highly specific supplement, formulated to compensate and support the needs of a athlete who is about to start his intense WOD, and to make his performance more performing, longer lasting and more productive, acting on various mechanisms of action which are: focus, energy, resistance to fatigue, more strength and power, as well as promoting a greater flow of blood rich in oxygen and nutrients to the muscles, with a consequent faster recirculation and removal of lactic acid.
This "multitasking" action, which will make the WOD more performant in many ways, is the result of a blend specifically designed to support the "listened to" needs of athletes, to whom Yamamoto Nutrition R&D has always been attentive in providing them with the best that applied science and the market for the best raw materials can offer.
PreWOD is a blend of elements consisting of microencapsulated Creatine MCU-20®, Citrulline Malate, Vinitrox™, Beta-alanine, Ginko Biloba, Brainberry®, Astragin® and Caffeine.
Creatine microicapsulata MCU-20®: undoubtedly the most famous and researched supplement in the world of performance, from which athletes can benefit, thanks to several mechanisms of action:
- Increased synthesis of creatine phosphate, the direct precursor of ATP, the energy molecule used by the muscle for contraction, ergo more strength and power;
- Increased calcium uptake in muscle cells, by promoting the interactive action between actin and myosin, the structural proteins that make up the functional unit of muscle fibrocells and enable muscle contraction;
- Cell volumising and hyperhydrating action in the cytoplasm of the muscle cell = both anti-catabolic and anabolic effects;
- Stimulating action at neurocognitive level;
Acts as a 'buffer' against lactic acid build-up.
The version contained is the monohydrate, the most effective and safest, and has been microencapsulated so that the solubility limits that creatine can have are exceeded to ensure complete absorption.
Citrulline Malate is a potentially very useful amino acid for the athlete for several reasons. Firstly, to promote maximum blood flow and therefore promote better transport of oxygen and nutrients to the muscles. Citrulline is one of the best nitric oxide stimulants, even better than arginine itself, of which it is a precursor, as arginine is subject to extensive degradation by intestinal bacteria and hepatic and intestinal arginases which convert it into ornithine and urea, making it poorly bioavailable. In contrast, Citrulline is not subject to pre-systemic and first-pass elimination, significantly increasing both plasma arginine and citrulline levels in a dose-dependent manner, and with the same dosage and route of administration (by mouth). All in favour of a powerful stimulation of blood flow to the muscles involved in training. Citrulline, salified with malic acid, has been shown in several scientific studies to have a positive effect on muscle ATP production by increasing the efficiency of energy produced, with a reduced rate of phosphocreatine depletion of 28% and an accelerated recovery rate of 20%. Already appreciated as a performance-focused supplement for the above reasons, it has a number of benefits in terms of the extent and quality of performance, such as buffering ammonia build-up (responsible for the onset of fatigue by inhibiting the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA, hindering muscle contraction). Another benefit of Citrulline Malate would be to reduce muscle soreness following intense muscle exercise, which when combined with the muscle pumping it strongly promotes, the buffering of lactate and the increased rate of restoration of phosphocreatine stores, will be an excellent ally for improving our training performance but also for more efficient recovery. And we know that the sooner you recover, the sooner and better you can train again.
ViNitrox TM is a special synergistic blend of polyphenols obtained from apples and grapes with antioxidant power, able to increase circulatory vasodilation through powerful stimulation of nitric oxide (+43%), while also proving to prolong training capacity and resistance to fatigue.
Beta-alanine is an amino acid widely used in sports today for its inherent effects on all forms of performance, as it helps to improve both aerobic and anaerobic endurance through its buffering action on muscle pH, thus reducing the onset of muscle acidosis and fatigue.
It's well established that taking beta-alanine increases carnosine levels, so once it's taken orally, it will be combined with L-histidine to synthesise a dipeptide that will be the real player in the lactate 'buffer' effect (so welcome for endurance athletes), namely carnosine. Supplementation with Beta Alanine has been shown to raise carnosine levels in the muscles by 80%, and will act as a hydrogen ion neutralising agent, breaking down the build-up of lactic acid in the muscles, thus significantly reducing muscle fatigue and allowing more efficient contraction of the muscles, for strength gains but also greater performance and endurance during longer or 'mixed' intensities, as well as promoting nitric oxide production.
Ginko Biloba: when it comes to pre-workout, more than nerve stimulation, it's good to boost cognitive areas and reaction times. Speaking of cognitive stimulation, we couldn't help but mention Ginko Biloba. Ginko is a medicinal plant whose presence on Earth dates back thousands of years, and whose use in Traditional Chinese Medicine dates back to 2800 B.C. Today, it is well known in the world of nutraceuticals, and is considered to rebalance neurotransmitters, slow down the degeneration of brain cells, and improve cerebral circulation, thus providing a greater flow of oxygen and glucose to neurons. Ginko Biloba is one of the most suitable natural substances for stimulating learning, memory, and cognitive abilities in general that we can all draw on for help. It also promotes an increase in dopamine in the brain, reducing states of anxiety and improving motivation.
Brainberry: is a natural extract from the Aronia berry to improve cognitive performance. This particular active ingredient is standardised for high levels of 'cyanidin-3-O-galactoside', which has some scientific merit for improving concentration, focus and psychomotor reaction-times transferable to any performance-related area.
Astragin is a very interesting compound of two highly purified extracts of Panax notoginseng and Astragalus membranaceus, which has been shown in 16 in vitro and 8 in vivo studies published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Molecular Nutrition & Food Research and scientific reports to demonstrate its 'driver' effect of enhancing the absorption of peptides amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins and phyto-nutrients and transporters such as SGLT1, CAT1 and GLUT4, as well as supporting immune functions, repairing and rebalancing damaged intestinal walls and decreasing inflammation of the intestinal submucosa.
The majority of all 'pre-workout' supplements have a central nervous system stimulating component, which is often characterised by the presence of caffeine as in this case. Caffeine is the most widely used psychoactive substance and the most widely consumed in the world, and has always been a popular supplement for sportsmen and women of all kinds. It interacts with specific biological receptors that regulate the functions of the cardiovascular endocrine system, as well as the nervous system, greatly increasing energy levels, speeding up reaction times, sharpening focus and concentration and also improving pain threshold perception. In addition to the well-known ergogenic effect, there is also the 'metabolic' one, in that fatty acids are mobilised when caffeine is consumed and valuable muscle glycogen is saved. This allows the athlete to train for longer, and the saving of glycogen seems to occur in the first fifteen minutes of the activity, a period when glycogen use falls by 50%.